Some of the Latest Mind & Brain Research – from Science Daily
  • Yoga and meditation improve mind-body health and stress resilience August 22, 2017
    A new research article investigates the effects of yoga and meditation on people by looking at physiological and immunological markers of stress and inflammation. By studying the participants of an intensive three-month yoga and meditation retreat, the researchers found that the practices positively impacted physiological and immunological markers of stress and inflammation, and in addition […]
  • Contact in sports may lead to differences in the brains of young, healthy athletes August 22, 2017
    People who play contact sports show changes to their brain structure and function, with sports that have greater risk of body contact showing greater effects on the brain, a new study has found.
  • Brain's self-regulation in teens at risk for obesity August 22, 2017
    In a small study that scanned the brains of teenagers while exposing them to tempting 'food cues,' researchers report that reduced activity in the brain's 'self-regulation' system may be an important early predictor of adult obesity.
  • 'Exquisite selectivity' of neuronal wiring in the cerebral cortex revealed by research August 21, 2017
    Advanced technologies has been used to illuminate the connectivity pattern of chandelier cells, a distinctive kind of inhibitory cell type in the mammalian brain. Scientists reveal for the first time how this candelabra-shaped cell interacts in a highly selective way with hundreds of excitatory cells in its neighborhood, receiving information from some, imparting information to […]
  • Gut microbes may talk to the brain through cortisol August 21, 2017
    Gut microbes have been in the news lately. Recent studies show they can influence human health, behavior, and certain neurological disorders, such as autism. But just how do they communicate with the brain? Results from a new study suggest a pathway of communication between certain gut bacteria and brain metabolites, by way of a compound […]
  • Our brains do change from early to mid-adulthood August 21, 2017
    Scientists have been able to accurately estimate an individual's age from their brain structure. The researchers found that significant microstructural changes occur in the brain from early to mid-adulthood. Until now, scientists thought that brain structure was relatively stable during this period of life, and this is one of the first studies to show that […]
  • Chronic stress induces fatal organ dysfunctions via a new neural circuit August 21, 2017
    New research reveals the mechanisms behind the effects of chronic stress and tiny inflammations in the brain on fatal gut failure.
  • To reduce postoperative pain, consider sleep -- and caffeine August 18, 2017
    A new preclinical study found that a brief period of extended wakefulness before surgery enhances pain and prolongs recovery time after surgery. Caffeine administration helped to reduce the harmful effects of sleep loss on subsequent surgical pain.
  • How whip-like cell appendages promote bodily fluid flow August 18, 2017
    Researchers have revealed that a molecule called Daple is essential for the correct orientation and coordinated beating of cilia on the surface of cells lining ventricles in the brain. Without Daple, the cilia develop a random arrangement and cannot produce a uniform flow of CSF. This in turn leads to a build-up of fluid, which […]
  • Mechanism identified for resilience in people with high risk of bipolar disorder August 18, 2017
    A brain mechanism has been identified in siblings of bipolar patients that makes them resilient to bipolar disorder. The results suggest that the brain is able to adapt to the biological risk for bipolar disorder and open new avenues in pursuing further research to enhance resilience in those at risk and currently affected.
  • Brain regions most likely to cause epilepsy seizures August 17, 2017
    Scientists have developed a new way to detect which areas of the brain contribute most greatly to epilepsy seizures, according to a new study. The strategy could help surgeons select specific brain areas for removal to stop seizures.
  • Neuroscientists discover a brain circuit dedicated to retrieving memories August 17, 2017
    Neuroscientists who study memory have long believed that when we recall an event, our brains turn on the same hippocampal circuit that was activated when the memory was originally formed. However, neuroscientists have now shown, for the first time, that recalling a memory requires a 'detour' circuit that branches off from the original memory circuit.
  • Brain chemical NPGL controls appetite and body fat composition: Beneficial for our ancestors; potential cause of obesity pandemic August 17, 2017
    NPGL, a recently discovered protein involved in brain signalling, has been found to increase fat storage by the body – even when on a low-calorie diet.
  • Estrogen-mediated brain protection directly linked to intake of fatty acids found in oils August 17, 2017
    Scientists are increasingly appreciating estrogen's role in brain health. The latest research connecting DHA synthesis to estrogen production, and consequentially brain health, backs up further the old adage that a daily intake of fish oil is good for you.
  • Smoking raises risk of aneurysm recurrence after endovascular treatment August 17, 2017
    A history of smoking significantly increases the chance that survivors will experience recurrence of a brain aneurysm, according to a new study. Researchers say it's a serious reminder about the importance of smoking cessation, especially for patients who undergo endovascular aneurysm treatment.