Some of the Latest Mind & Brain Research – from Science Daily
  • Mice provide insight into genetics of autism spectrum disorders June 27, 2017
    The CHD8 gene is associated with some cases of human autism. A new study shows that mice with mutated CHD8 show defects in brain development and behavioral changes, and may give insight into genetic causes of autism spectrum disorders.
  • Intracranial pathology not necessary for gadolinium deposition in brain tissues June 27, 2017
    New research suggests gadolinium retention may be more widespread and may be present in many more, or possibly all, patients exposed to gadolinium-based contrast agents, according to new research.
  • Exposure to light causes emotional and physical responses in migraine sufferers June 26, 2017
    Light makes migraine headaches more painful and induces negative emotions and unpleasant physical sensations, new research confirms. Laboratory studies identify previously unknown connections between nerve cells in the eye and neurons in the brain that regulate physiological, autonomic, endocrine and emotional responses. These findings offer promising path forward for researchers in treatment of migraines.
  • New tool offers snapshots of neuron activity June 26, 2017
    A new way to label neurons when they become active has now been developed, essentially providing a snapshot of their activity at a moment in time.
  • Alzheimer's gene associated with failure to adapt to cognitive challenge in healthy adults June 26, 2017
    Healthy adults carrying the gene APOE4 -- the strongest known genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) -- may struggle to adapt their brain activity to increasing cognitive demands as they get older, according to a study.
  • Beyond bananas: 'Mind reading' technology decodes complex thoughts June 26, 2017
    New research builds on the pioneering use of machine learning algorithms with brain imaging technology to "mind read."
  • Shining light on brain cells that coordinate movement June 26, 2017
    A technique for inserting a gene into specific cell types in the adult brain can be used to alter the function of brain circuits and change behaviors in an animal model. The method will allow scientists to better understand what roles certain cell types play in the brain's complex circuitry. Researchers hope the approach might […]
  • Tiny bubbles offer sound solution for drug delivery June 26, 2017
    The blood-brain barrier protects the brain and central nervous system from harmful chemicals circulating in the blood but also prevents delivery of drugs that could help treat patients with brain cancers and diseases. With recent advances in technology, the blood-brain barrier can now be opened safely, noninvasively and in a targeted manner using ultrasound.
  • Anti-epilepsy drug restores normal brain activity in mild Alzheimer's disease June 23, 2017
    An anti-epileptic drug has been tested for its potential impact on the brain activity of patients with mild Alzheimer's disease. The team documented changes in patients' EEGs that suggest the drug could have a beneficial effect.
  • Chatter in the deep brain spurs empathy in rats June 23, 2017
    By combining electrical monitoring of neural activity with machine learning, a team of neuroscientists has tuned into the brain chatter of rats engaged in helping other rats. The results clarify earlier conflicting findings on the role of specific brain regions, such as the insula, in guiding antisocial and psychopathic behavior, and may shed light on […]
  • Correct connections are crucial June 23, 2017
    Investigators have been examining the use of deep brain stimulation in the treatment of Parkinson's disease in an attempt to optimize treatment effectiveness.
  • How insulin in the brain may suppress the subjective feeling of hunger June 23, 2017
    Insulin in the brain may help regulate the hunger sensation and improve functional connectivity in certain cognitive brain regions (default-mode network, DMN *) as well as in the hippocampus and hypothalamus.
  • A unique amino acid for brain cancer therapy June 23, 2017
    Photodynamic therapy is often used to treat brain tumors because of its specificity — it can target very small regions containing cancerous cells while sparing the normal cells around it from damage. It works by injecting a drug called a photosensitizer into the bloodstream, where it gathers in cells, and then exposing the drug-filled cells […]
  • Spinal cord injury: Using cortical targets to improve motor function June 22, 2017
    New research provides the first evidence that cortical targets could represent a novel therapeutic site for improving motor function in humans paralyzed by spinal cord injury.
  • How pheromones trigger female sexual behavior June 22, 2017
    A new study showed how a male pheromone in mice enhances sexual behaviors in females -- and how it may enhance a different behavior, aggression, in males -- by identifying distinct neural circuits and neurons that generate a particular behavioral response to specific chemical signals. The findings point to a model for further investigating how […]