Stress is an inevitable part of being alive. Many life events can produce stress, even positive ones. Stress research pioneer Hans Selye, M.D., defined stress as “…the nonspecific response of the body to any demand for change.”
Stress may manifest as anxiety, depression, fatigue, insomnia, and emotional eating, for example. While we live in a fast-paced, high-pressure world, we also have many stress-management tools available—some of which are right in our kitchen cupboard.
According to acupuncturist and herbalist Christopher Hobbs, L. Ac., when we’re experiencing stress, we may select “comfort foods” (such as candy, chips, fried foods, and sugary, caffeinated beverages) that provide an initial sense of relief but eventually deplete us. However, with the right information, we can choose foods and food-derived supplements that replenish critical nutrients, boost mood-enhancing brain chemicals, calm anxiety, and more.
According to researcher and author Judith Wurtman, Ph.D., complex carbohydrates such as those found in oatmeal help the brain to manufacture serotonin. A mood-boosting and appetite-suppressing neurotransmitter, serotonin is also responsible for helping us to sleep soundly. For better sleep, Dr. Wurtman advises consuming carbohydrates (such as oatmeal) prior to or several hours after eating protein, as this helps our bodies to make serotonin more easily.
Tulsi, also called holy basil, is known as an adaptogen, or an agent that helps the body adapt to stress. According to an article published in the Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine, tulsi also improves memory and cognitive function, as well as symptoms of anxiety and depression. While most evidence about tulsi is anecdotal, preliminary animal research has indicated that tulsi’s antioxidant properties may help the body to recover from stress.
An increasing amount of research is demonstrating a connection between digestive health (specifically, the amount of beneficial bacteria in the gut) and emotional wellbeing. In fact, researchers estimate that 90% of serotonin found in the body is manufactured in the digestive tract —all the more reason to keep it functioning smoothly with probiotic-rich foods like yogurt. According to a study conducted at the UCLA School of Medicine, eating yogurt twice a day may alleviate anxiety and stress. In the study, participants who consumed yogurt twice daily for one month demonstrated decreased activity in areas of the brain that control emotion and pain.
According to Andrew Weil, M.D., fish oil may protect against depression and bolster overall emotional wellbeing. It is an excellent source of EPA and DHA, two essential omega-3 fatty acids. In one study of adolescents with major depression who were resistant to SSRI antidepressants, supplementation with fish oil was found to reduce depression symptoms. Researchers split the adolescents into two groups: one who received a low dose of fish oils and another who received a high dose. The study found that depression symptoms reduced by 40% in the low-dose group and 100% in the high-dose group. See this article for more information on how to choose the right fish oil. Also, as with any other supplement, consult your physician first before taking.
Raw pumpkin seeds are a rich source of magnesium, zinc, and tryptophan. Magnesium becomes easily depleted in the body during times of stress. This critical nutrient is responsible for ensuring nervous system health, relaxing muscles, and mediating the body’s stress response. Second, zinc helps to regulate sleep and mood, among other important bodily functions. Finally, the amino acid tryptophan is an essential building block for the production of serotonin, which then gets converted into melatonin, the hormone responsible for sound sleep. Physician Joseph Mercola, M.D., recommends eating pumpkin seeds a few hours prior to sleep with a carbohydrate such as a small serving of fruit to provide sufficient tryptophan to jump-start the body’s production of serotonin and melatonin.
By selecting foods that support our mental and physical health, we can become more resilient in the face of any challenge. Read on for more resources on nutrition for stress management.
Well-researched information about eating to boost your body’s serotonin from Judith Wurtman, Ph.D., and Nina Frusztajer, M.D.
A guide to tulsi from Deepak Chopra, M.D.
Stress & Natural Healing: Herbal Medicine and Natural Therapies by Christopher Hobbs, L. Ac.
In-depth information detailing a holistic approach to stress management.
50 Ways to Soothe Yourself Without Food by Susan Albers, Psy.D.
If your stress manifests as emotional eating, this book presents tools for comforting yourself without food.
About This Contributor: Chiara Viscomi, MA, LMFT (MFC #104851) is a practicing licensed marriage and family therapist in California. She received her master’s in counseling psychology with a certificate in creative expression at Sofia University (formerly known as the Institute of Transpersonal Psychology). Prior to that, Chiara received a BA in psychology and a BFA in drama at the Experimental Theatre Wing at New York University’s Tisch School of the Arts. She is passionate about expressive arts therapy, Jungian psychology, transpersonal psychology, and integrative approaches to wellness. In addition to her clinical work, Chiara is a longtime professional writer and editor in the healthcare field, as well as a musician and performing artist.
To find out more about her approach to psychotherapy, visit www.lapishealingarts.com. [Bio updated June 2018.]